Peter Frase. Four Futures: Life After Capitalism. Verso, 2016.
Leftist writer Peter Frase believes that the “two specters haunting Earth” in our time are the crises of “ecological catastrophe and automation.” Computers, robots, and technology like 3-D printers have already replaced many workers and the process will increase rapidly. He predicts that capitalism will end and could be replaced by various possibilities: the positive ones are communism (including a basic income for all) or socialism and the negative ones are militarization and increased inequality and authoritarianism (“rentism”).